Prominin-1 is also known as CD133, Antigen AC133, PROM1, PROML1 and MSTP061. Is used as marker for hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC) for somatic stem cell isolation. May play a role in cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis . Binds cholesterol in cholesterol-containing plasma membrane microdomains and may play a role in the organization of the apical plasma membrane in epithelial cells. During early retinal development acts as a key regulator of disk morphogenesis. Involved in regulation of MAPK and Akt signaling pathways. In neuroblastoma cells suppresses cell differentiation such as neurite outgrowth in a RET-dependent manner.