英文名称：Activin receptor type-2B 中文名称：激活素受体-2B 靶点别称：EC:188.8.131.52，EC 2.7.11，Activin receptor type IIB，ACVR2B，Activin A Receptor Type 2B，Activin A Receptor， Type IIB，Activin Receptor Type-2B，EC 184.108.40.206，ActR-IIB，ACTRIIB，HTX4
Activin receptor type-2B (ACVR2B) is also known as ActR-IIB and MGC116908, ACVR2B is an activin type 2 receptor. Activins are dimeric growth and differentiation factors which belong to the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily of structurally related signaling proteins. Activins signal through a heteromeric complex of receptor serine kinases which include at least two type I (I and IB) and two type II (II and IIB) receptors. These receptors are all transmembrane proteins, composed of a ligand-binding extracellular domain with cysteine-rich region, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic domain with predicted serine/threonine specificity. Type I receptors are essential for signaling; and type II receptors are required for binding ligands and for expression of type I receptors. Type I and II receptors form a stable complex after ligand binding, resulting in phosphorylation of type I receptors by type II receptors. Type II receptors are considered to be constitutively active kinases. This gene encodes activin A type IIB receptor, which displays a 3- to 4-fold higher affinity for the ligand than activin A type II receptor. Defects in ACVR2B are the cause of visceral heterotaxy autosomal type 4 (HTX4).