Biotinylated Human PD-L1 (recommended for biopanning), His Tag, Avi Tag (PD1-H82E5) is expressed from human 293 cells (HEK293). It contains AA Phe 19 - Arg 238 (Accession # NP_054862.1).
Predicted N-terminus: Phe 19
This protein carries an Avi tag (Avitag™) at the C-terminus, followed by a polyhistidine tag.
The protein has a calculated MW of 27.8 kDa. The protein migrates as 38-40 kDa under reducing (R) condition (SDS-PAGE) due to glycosylation.
PD1-H82E5 works best for experiments that test the binding between PD-L1 and candidate antibodies, such as biopanning and other relevant assays.
This product is NOT suitable for testing PD1-PDL1 binding. For this type of application, we strongly recommend you to choose PD1-H82F3 as an alternative.
Biotinylation of this product is performed using Avitag™ technology. Briefly, the single lysine residue in the Avitag is enzymatically labeled with biotin.
The biotin to protein ratio is 0.5-1 as determined by the HABA assay.
Less than 1.0 EU per μg by the LAL method.
>95% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Lyophilized from 0.22 μm filtered solution in PBS, pH7.4. Normally trehalose is added as protectant before lyophilization.
Contact us for customized product form or formulation.
Please see Certificate of Analysis for specific instructions.
For best performance, we strongly recommend you to follow the reconstitution protocol provided in the CoA.
For long term storage, the product should be stored at lyophilized state at -20°C or lower.
Please avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
No activity loss was observed after storage at:
- 4-8°C for 12 months in lyophilized state;
- -70°C for 3 months under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Biotinylated Human PD-L1 (recommended for biopanning), His Tag, Avi Tag on SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) condition. The gel was stained overnight with Coomassie Blue. The purity of the protein is greater than 95%.
Immobilized Anti-Human PD-L1 monoclonal antibody (Human IgG4) at 2 μg/mL (100 μl/well) can bind Biotinylated Human PD-L1 (recommended for biopanning), His Tag, Avi Tag (Cat. No. PD1-H82E5) with a linear range of 0.2-8 ng/mL (QC tested).
Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PDL1) is also known as B7-H, B7H1, MGC142294, MGC142296, PD-L1, PDCD1L1 and PDCD1LG1,which is a member of the growing B7 family of immune molecules and is involved in the regulation of cellular and humoral immune responses.PDL1 is a cell surface immunoglobulin superfamily with two Ig-like domains within the extracellular region and a short cytoplasmic domain. This protein is broadly expressed in the majority of peripheral tissues as well as hematopoietic cells. Interaction between PDL1 and its receptors belonging to the CD28 family of molecules provide both stimulatory and inhibitory signals in regulating T cell activation and tolerance. PDL1 may inhibit ongoing T-cell responses by inducing apoptosis and arresting cell-cycle progression.
专利使用说明（Limited Use License）
The Biotin AviTag technology is covered by U.S. Pat. No: 5,874,239 and includes any and all materials, methods, kits and related derivatives claimed by this patent. The purchase of the Acrobiosystems’s Avitag™ proteins confers to the purchaser the limited right to use the Avitag™ technology for non-commercial, or research use, or for purposes of evaluating the Avitag™ technology.
Commercial use of the Avitag™ technology to manufacture a commercial product, or use of the Avitag™ technology to facilitate or advance research which will be applied to the development of a commercial product requires a license from Avidity, LLC. Examples of Commercial use include, but are not limited to biosensors, diagnostics, therapeutic applications, proximity assays, and drug screening assays.