Spike,S1 protein,Spike glycoprotein Subunit1,S glycoprotein Subunit1,Spike protein S1,COVID-19
Biotinylated SARS-CoV-2 S1 protein, His,Avitag (S1N-C82E8) is expressed from human 293 cells (HEK293). It contains AA Val 16 - Arg 685 (Accession # QHD43416.1).
Predicted N-terminus: Val 16
This protein carries a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus, followed by an Avi tag.
The protein has a calculated MW of 78.6 kDa. The protein migrates as 100-150 kDa under reducing (R) condition (SDS-PAGE) due to glycosylation.
Biotinylation of this product is performed using Avitag™ technology. Briefly, the single lysine residue in the Avitag is enzymatically labeled with biotin.
The biotin to protein ratio is 0.5-1 as determined by the HABA assay.
Less than 1.0 EU per μg by the LAL method.
>95% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Lyophilized from 0.22 μm filtered solution in PBS, pH7.4. Normally trehalose is added as protectant before lyophilization.
Contact us for customized product form or formulation.
Please see Certificate of Analysis for specific instructions.
For best performance, we strongly recommend you to follow the reconstitution protocol provided in the CoA.
For long term storage, the product should be stored at lyophilized state at -20°C or lower.
Please avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
This product is stable after storage at:
- -20°C to -70°C for 12 months in lyophilized state;
- -70°C for 3 months under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Biotinylated SARS-CoV-2 S1 protein, His,Avitag on SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) condition. The gel was stained overnight with Coomassie Blue. The purity of the protein is greater than 95%.
The purity of Biotinylated SARS-CoV-2 S1 protein, His,Avitag (Cat. No. S1N-C82E8) was more than 85% and the molecular weight of this protein is around 125-135 kDa verified by SEC-MALS.
Immobilized Human ACE2, Fc Tag (Cat. No. AC2-H5257) at 2 μg/mL (100 μL/well) can bind Biotinylated SARS-CoV-2 S1 protein, His,Avitag (Cat. No. S1N-C82E8) with a linear range of 0.01-0.625 μg/mL (QC tested).
Loaded Biotinylated SARS-CoV-2 S1 protein, His,Avitag (Cat. No. S1N-C82E8) on SA Biosensor, can bind Human ACE2, His Tag (Cat. No. AC2-H52H8) with an affinity constant of 1.61 nM as determined in BLI assay (ForteBio Octet Red96e) (Routinely tested).
It's been reported that Coronavirus can infect the human respiratory epithelial cells through interaction with the human ACE2 receptor. The spike protein is a large type I transmembrane protein containing two subunits, S1 and S2. S1 mainly contains a receptor binding domain (RBD), which is responsible for recognizing the cell surface receptor. S2 contains basic elements needed for the membrane fusion.The S protein plays key parts in the induction of neutralizing-antibody and T-cell responses, as well as protective immunity.